Effects of social class on the use of written language: does it extend into Brazilian higher education?

Kaizô Iwakami Beltrão, Mônica Cerbella Freire Mandarino, Ricardo Servare Megahós, Mônica Guerra Ferreira Pedrosa

Resumo


Bourdieu and Passeron defended the thesis that the school was the main locus to legitimate and perpetuate class differences. This is reinforced by the multiple proficiency tests used to monitor public policies, which privilege the use of the formal language as part of the instruments and, therefore, penalizes participants with less mastery of the language. We adjusted two hierarchical models with Enade’s results on standard Portuguese grades, using as covariates, indicators of students’ socioeconomic status and economic independence and average values for these variables for the knowledge areas. The linguistic performance is further disaggregated into three aspects: textual, orthographic and vocabulary/morphosyntactic.

We show that the higher social classes have greater proficiency in the Enade Portuguese Language component, even when controlling for the knowledge area average socio-economic level and financial autonomy of the students. sidered. It is worth noting that the socio class effect is not as strong as on lower educational level, but university students constitute a much more homogeneous group. This reinforces Bourdieu's (1986) thesis that through the social, cultural and economic capital still prevails the domination of wealthier classes over more popular classes, reinforcing the inequality.

Palavras-chave


Social Capital; Social Inequality; Linguistic Performance; Enade; Public policy; Hierarchical Models

Referências


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-403620210002903156

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Direitos autorais 2021 Ensaio: Avaliação e Políticas Públicas em Educação

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