Educação e Saúde: mais diferentes do que parecidos

Claudio de Moura Castro, Philip Musgrove

Resumo


Educação e Saúde – para ser mais preciso, escolaridade e cuidados medicos – sao frequentemente agrupados e considerados como sendo os elementos do “Setor Social”. Na verdade, ha semelhancas importantes, mas sao obliteradas por diferencas maiores e de maior peso. A maioria das diferencas sao intrinsecas à natureza do conhecimento e do aprendizado, de um lado, e da doenca e das formas de trata-la, de outro. Outras diferencas resultam da maneira pela qual as sociedades organizam e financiam educação e cuidados medicos. Tais diferencas sao relevantes quando falamos de custos, gestao do cotidiano e esforcos de reformar os respectivos sistemas. Tratar os dois setores como semelhantes revela uma analise desleixada, e que acabara por conduzir a politicas equivocadas.


Palavras-chave


Saúde; Educação; Cuidados medicos; Aprendizado; Escolas; Politicas; Capital humano; Custos; Reforma

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-40362016000200010

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Direitos autorais 2016 Revista Ensaio: Avaliação e Politicas Públicas em Educação

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Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional.

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Programa de Apoio às Publicacoes Cientificas (AED) do Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação (MCTI), Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e tecnologico (CNPq), Ministerio da Educação (MEC), Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (Capes) e Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro - FAPERJ.
 

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