Neoliberalismo e crise da educação ocidental. Causas, consequências e oportunidades para a mudança

Cruz Flores-Rodríguez, Miguel Martín-Sánchez

Resumo


A crise do neoliberalismo é a crise do Ocidente, incapaz de reorientar o seu curso e ameaçada por contradições internas e externas. A emergência do pós-modernismo gerou um novo ethos acrítico que relativiza os direitos e liberdades ocidentais. A invasão da lógica mercantil capitalista na escola, sob o paradigma neoliberal, deslocou qualquer formação política da escola, contribuindo para a relatividade cultural contemporânea. No presente trabalho iremos rever o curso do neoliberalismo desde as suas origens até aos nossos dias, e analisaremos o seu impacto na escola ocidental. Esta viagem é levada a cabo a partir de uma abordagem crítica. São detetadas duas consequências principais: a substituição do conhecimento por competências laborais, e a promoção de uma homogeneidade que beneficia a competitividade, mas deteriora a cultura democrática. Concluímos com a exigência de que as escolas abandonem as narrativas relativas e abracem os valores democráticos para melhorar a coexistência e a participação política.


Palavras-chave


Liberalismo; Neoliberalismo; Crise; Pós-modernidade; Educação

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-40362023003103862

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Direitos autorais 2024 Ensaio: Avaliação e Políticas Públicas em Educação

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