Internacionalização do Ensino Superior no Cazaquistão: da vontade política à implementação

Abdeljalil Akkari, Almash Seidikenova, Aitkali Bakitov, Gulsharat Minazheva

Resumo


Como todo o país, o Ensino Superior no Cazaquistão está em uma fase de transição há mais de 30 anos. Uma das dimensões dessa transição é ligada à internacionalização do Ensino Superior. Nessa contribuição, apostamos na internacionalização em casa. Em primeiro lugar, sintetizamos a literatura acadêmica dedicada a essa questão no Cazaquistão. Em segundo lugar, analisamos os fluxos de estudantes estrangeiros naquele país durante os últimos anos. O país tem conseguido atrair cada vez mais estudantes de países vizinhos, embora o número continue pequeno comparado com os estudantes do Cazaquistão que vão para o exterior. Terceiro, destacamos duas estratégias adicionais usadas para aumentar a internacionalização no país: emprego de acadêmicos estrangeiros e o lançamento de campi estrangeiros no Cazaquistão. Por fim, discutimos o uso de línguas estrangeiras e, principalmente, o inglês como ferramenta de internacionalização local. Provavelmente, o país superestimou sua capacidade de fazer do inglês uma língua de ensino de nível universitário.


Palavras-chave


Cazaquistão; internacionalização; mobilidade; desenvolvimento; política universitária

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-40362023003103730

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