Beneficios e riscos da protecao e comercialização da pesquisa academica: uma discussao necessaria

Rodrigo Maia de Oliveira, Lea Velho

Resumo


As práticas de publicação, os sistemas de avaliação e recompensa, a construção das agendas de pesquisa, os mecanismos de protecao e comercialização, a defasagem de infraestrutura e a escassez historica de recursos humanos qualificados e dedicados ao ensino e à pesquisa sao apenas alguns dos inúmeros aspectos que provocam as transformacoes internas atualmente vividas pela universidade. Este artigo tem como foco principal a analise do impacto do processo de protecao e comercialização dos resultados da pesquisa academica sobre as demais atividades tradicionalmente conduzidas pela universidade. Ainda que a visao mais otimista valorize os impactos positivos dos direitos de propriedade intelectual na academia, nao se podem ignorar os eventuais custos ou riscos envolvidos nesse processo. Por fim, o artigo sugere novos estudos que podem contribuir para o acompanhamento e avaliação das universidades brasileiras e para a elaboração de politicas de Ciencia e Tecnologia e de Educação Superior.

Palavras-chave


Universidade; Propriedade intelectual; Patentes; Revolução academica

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