A eficiência dos gastos públicos no Ensino Superior: um estudo com Universidades Federais brasileiras

David Daniel Hammes Junior, Leonardo Flach, Luísa Karam de Mattos

Resumo


Este estudo tem como objetivo descrever os fatores determinantes na eficiência dos gastos públicos em Universidades Federais Brasileiras. Foi aplicado um método de pesquisa em duas etapas para uma amostra de 59 Universidades Federais Brasileiras, de 2013 a 2017. A Análise Envoltória de Dados (DEA) foi aplicada na primeira etapa para medir a eficiência dos gastos públicos. Para a segunda etapa, foi aplicado um modelo de regressão truncado, juntamente com um procedimento de bootstrap duplo para correção do viés e teste de significância estatística das variáveis. Os resultados mostram que algumas Universidades Federais foram ineficientes nesse período. Considerando o modelo de regressão truncado de Simar e Wilson (2007), variáveis significativas que influenciam a eficiência dos gastos públicos nas Universidades Federais foram gastos públicos no Ensino Superior, quantidade de professores, quantidade de matrículas, quantidade de graduados, despesas totais com funcionários e quantidade total de funcionários. Diante disso, o estudo contribuiu para a literatura científica, pois demonstra que essas variáveis são fundamentais para a eficiência pública nas Universidades Federais.

 

Palavras-chave


Eficiência de Gastos Públicos; Bootstrapp Duplo; Ensino Superior; Análise Envoltória de Dados; Regressão Truncada

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0104-40362020002802573

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