Dispositivos móviles y Muro colaborativo: ¿medios de comunicación para innovar el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje sobre las ciencias sociales?

Ricardo-Adán Salas-Rueda, Gustavo De-La-Cruz-Martínez, Clara Alvarado-Zamorano, Fernando Gamboa-Rodríguez

Resumo


El objetivo de esta investigación mixta (cuantitativa y cualitativa) es analizar el impacto de los dispositivos móviles (tablets) y del muro colaborativo como medios de comunicación en el proceso educativo sobre las ciencias sociales por medio de la ciencia de datos y el aprendizaje automático (regresión lineal). El muro colaborativo es una aplicación web que permite trabajar en forma colaborativa por medio del uso de imágenes y texto en Internet. La muestra estaba compuesta por 72 estudiantes de la Escuela Nacional Preparatoria N° 7 “Ezequiel A. Chávez” que cursaron la asignatura “Introducción al Estudio de las Ciencias Sociales y Económicas” durante el ciclo escolar 2019-2020. El enfoque cuantitativo analizó el impacto sobre el uso del muro colaborativo y los dispositivos móviles por medio de la herramienta Rapidminer (aprendizaje automático y ciencia de datos). El enfoque cualitativo analizó las percepciones de los estudiantes sobre el uso de la tecnología. Los resultados del aprendizaje automático indican que el uso del muro colaborativo y los dispositivos móviles (tablets) como medios de comunicación influyeron positivamente en la motivación y el interés de los estudiantes durante el proceso de aprendizaje sobre la migración. La ciencia de datos identificó cuatro modelos predictivos por medio de la técnica árbol de decisión. Por último, la tecnología permite construir nuevas experiencias educativas en el Siglo XXI.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22347/2175-2753v12i36.2626



Direitos autorais 2020 Fundacao Cesgranrio

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Principios Norteadores para o Avaliador

Guiding Principles for Evaluators American Evaluation Association (AEA)

Com o proposito de guiar o trabalho dos profissionais de avaliacao e assegurar a etica de sua atuacao, a American Evaluation Association (AEA) - Associacao Profissional de Avaliadores - estabeleceu cinco principios norteadores aqui resumidos:

1.  Indagacao Sistematica, no que se refere à capacidade de coletar dados utilizando tecnicas apropriadas e comunicando metodos e abordagens com a devida transparencia para permitir acesso e critica.

2.  Competencia, no que se refere a demonstrar atuacao competente perante os envolvidos no processo avaliativo e desenvolver continuamente sua capacidade para alcancar o mais alto nivel de desempenho possivel.

3.  Integridade/Honestidade, no que se refere a assegurar honestidade e integridade ao longo de todo o processo avaliativo, negociando com os envolvidos e interessados na avaliacao e buscando esclarecer e orientar procedimentos que venham provocar distorcoes ou indevidas utilizacoes.

4.  Respeito pelas pessoas, no que se refere ao respeito pela seguranca, dignidade e auto-valorizacao dos envolvidos no processo avaliativo, atuando sempre com etica profissional, evitando riscos e prejuizos que possam afetar os participantes para assegurar, o melhor possivel, o respeito às diferencas e o direito social de retorno dos resultados, aos envolvidos.

5.  Responsabilidade pelo bem estar geral e público, no que se refere a levar em consideracao a diversidade de interesses e valores que possam estar relacionados ao público em geral,buscando responder nao somente às expectativas mais imediatas, mas tambem às implicacoes e repercussoes mais amplas e, nesse sentido, disseminar a informacao sempre que necessario.

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