Repensando as escolas do século XXI: a busca por ecossistemas de aprendizagem ao longo da vida

Andrés Chiappe, Ana María Ternent de Samper, Alejandro Emilio Wills, Ignacio Restrepo

Resumo


A relevância da educação atual para as necessidades da sociedade do século XXI é questionada, já que a maioria das escolas, especialmente nos países em desenvolvimento, oferece aos alunos experiências de aprendizagem homogeneizadoras no estilo do século XIX. Este artigo apresenta os resultados de um estudo de método misto, focado na identificação das principais características da educação do século XXI, como um conceito que deve promover experiências de aprendizagem ao longo da vida. O método combinou uma revisão sistemática da literatura, aplicação da pesquisa, visitas a escolas inovadoras e entrevistas com especialistas internacionais em educação. Os resultados mostram a relevância de um currículo voltado para habilidades sociais e currículos orientados a objetivos, a ativação de caminhos de aprendizagem pessoais e a minimização da instrução em favor da pesquisa como uma abordagem de ensino. Vale ressaltar que, embora a maioria dos resultados seja amplamente discutidos na literatura, atualmente são apresentadas novas possibilidades de implementação e com maior potencial de inovação, devido à evolução tecnológica do nosso tempo.


Palavras-chave


Educação do século XXI; Caminhos de aprendizagem pessoais; Pesquisa educacional; Aprendizagem ao longo da vida; Ecossistemas de aprendizagem

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0104-40362019002702138

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